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How to choose an anchor

Click to view Yacht Chandlers large selection of Anchors .

When it comes to safety quality is everything when buying an anchor.They need to have heavy duty components and consist of strong materials.

On board with you should always be a heavy duty Anchors for all seabed types you can expect to encounter. In tight anchorages you will need both a bow and stern anchor.
There are three type of anchors:

Deep penetrating Anchor:These anchors have lightweight, pivoting flukes and Danfoth and Fortress anchors. These anchors apparently have the greatest holding power.

Plow-Style Anchor: These anchors do not penetrate as deeply as the previous type but have excellent structural strength and include Bruce, Delta, CQC, Spade and Max anchors.

Speciality Anchor: These anchors are specific to particular seabed types.

Studies have shown that when it comes to selecting an anchor it is more important to consider the conditions of the seabed over the design of the anchor.

Anchoring to the Seabed

Anchoring in Sand: This surface is relatively easy for anchors to penetrate and most anchors hold very well in hard sand.

Anchoring in Mud: Mud has a low sheer strength on the surface so the anchor needs to be able to penetrate down to an area of greater sheer strength. This requires an anchor with A greaer fluke are and a wider fluke angle. An example of an anchor that works well in these conditions is a Fortress anchor.

Anchoring in Rock and Coral - Plow and grapnel anchors generally work better on this type of seabed. Examples include Bruce, CQR, Delta and Yachtsman anchors.

Anchoring Shale, Clay or Grassy Conditions: All anchors can struggle with this type of seabed; in this situation weight is more important than design. CQR, Delta and Yachtsman anchors have the ability to penetrate grassy bottoms however the roots may cause a "false set" as they can often masquerade as something more solid.

What size anchor do I need?

It is important that every vessel has at least one adequately sized anchor on-board. As a general rule of thumb the anchor should weight the same as the vessels length in ft. For example a 32ft vessel should have a 32lb anchor. However the manufacturerÆs instructions and builders recommendations should be adhered to at all times. If in doubt it is always better to carry an oversized anchor than an undersized one.

Anchor Kits

Yacht Chandlers have pre made and spliced Anchor Kits available in a variety of differnt styles and sizes to suit your every need. These kits provide the complete package at an affordable price to make life simple fo you.
Anchoring how its done

Anchoring how its done

When you drop anchor in port or on the coast you must remember that no matter how strong your anchor is or how much it weighs; it's the length of warp (rope) or chain that gives your anchor its holding power and keeps you in place.

The general rule is for warp use six times the depth of water and for chain use 5 times the depth of water. For example if you in 5m of water you will need 30m of warp.

Another thing you must consider is the direction of tide and weather conditions as this will change during your stay. Are the tide changes your boat will swing around and you must leave ample room to ensure your boat doesn't collide with another.

Yacht Chandlers have pre made and spliced available in a variety of differnt styles and sizes to suit your every need. These kits provide the complete package at an affordable price to make life simple fo you.

Kedge Anchor

A second anchor and warp should be carried as well as the main one for additional safety.
The kedge and main anchor should have different holding strengths but it can be down to the skippers personal preferance.

Most Yacht skippers would have a kedge as an emergency anchor, stowed away in a locker on-board the yacht or boat. Few skippers have plenty of chain attached to a kedge but tend to rely on a good length of warp as a back-up. It's imperative to have a reasonable length of chain on your kedge as without it the Kedge will have little or no holding power.
Anchor Launch Hook

Anchor Launch Hook

Sometimes a skipper will carry a third anchor. This is known as a "lunch hook". A lunch hook's purpose is often for temporary and sheltered anchoring. They are usually lighter in weight than the main anchor for easy handling.

Storm Anchor

As the name suggests a storm anchor is used to anchor during storms. A storm anchor should be one or two sizes up from the size of the main anchor (assuming the main anchor is the correct size for you vessel in the first place).
In reality few leisure boats or yachts would carry a storm anchor as the additional bulk would be prohibitive. Perhaps a better solution would be to carry more chain and warp.
Putting out plenty of chain when the weather is bad is a great way to greatly increase the holding power of your every-day anchor. The weight of the chain lies along the bottom of the sea bed and acts as a counter to pull of the boat or yacht in a storm. Putting plenty of chain out acts like a shock absorber against the swell of the sea.
When you have put out all your chain then you're left with warp. Not as good as chain but providing the breaking strain is enough then it will alow you to get the last bit of chain to the sea bed which will help your holding a lot.

If you are unsure on the weight you need it can never hurt to buy an oversized storm anchor.